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[zabbix] zabbix配置文件详解

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发表于 2018-11-5 10:31:40 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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# This is a configuration file for Zabbix server daemon
# To get more information about Zabbix, visit [url]http://www.zabbix.com[/url]
############ GENERAL PARAMETERS #################
### Option: ListenPort
#   Listen port for trapper.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1024-32767
# Default:
#说明:服务端监听端口用于接收二级代理或直连AGENT的采集数据
# ListenPort=10051
### Option: SourceIP
#   Source IP address for outgoing connections.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:服务端监听IP,建议指定
# SourceIP=
### Option: LogType
#   Specifies where log messages are written to:
#       system  - syslog
#       file    - file specified with LogFile parameter
#       console - standard output
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogType=file
### Option: LogFile
#   Log file name for LogType 'file' parameter.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
# LogFile=
#说明:zabbix服务端日志路径,视具体情况指定
LogFile=/tmp/zabbix_server.log
### Option: LogFileSize
#   Maximum size of log file in MB.
#   0 - disable automatic log rotation.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1024
# Default:
#说明:日志达到多少M里就轮转;若此参数值为0时,则不轮转,日志将不断变大,建议设置成轮转
LogFileSize=50
### Option: DebugLevel
#   Specifies debug level:
#   0 - basic information about starting and stopping of Zabbix processes
#   1 - critical information  灾难日志,日志量较少
#   2 - error information  错误级别,日志量大于CRITICAL级别
#   3 - warnings    告警级别,日志量大于ERROR级别
#   4 - for debugging (produces lots of information)调试级别,日志量大于WARNING
#   5 - extended debugging (produces even more information)
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-5
# Default:
#说明:日志级别0~4,单位时间内生成日志的量不断增大
DebugLevel=3
### Option: PidFile
#   Name of PID file.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:zabbix服务端程序PID路径
PidFile=/tmp/zabbix_server.pid
### Option: DBHost
#   Database host name.
#   If set to localhost, socket is used for MySQL.
#   If set to empty string, socket is used for PostgreSQL.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:指定数据库信息,对于mysql,若设置为localhost则mysql用SOCKET来连接(需配合参数 DBSocket 使用),否则用IP连接;若DHHOST值为空,则默认连接PostgreSQL
# DBHost=localhost
DBHost=
### Option: DBName
#   Database name.
#   For SQLite3 path to database file must be provided. DBUser and DBPassword are ignored.
#
# Mandatory: yes
# Default:
# DBName=
#说明:服务端连接数据库的库名
DBName=
### Option: DBSchema
#   Schema name. Used for IBM DB2 and PostgreSQL.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:专门用于 IBM DB2数据库的连接信息
# DBSchema=
### Option: DBUser
#   Database user. Ignored for SQLite.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:连接数据库的用户
# DBUser=
DBUser=
### Option: DBPassword
#   Database password. Ignored for SQLite.
#   Comment this line if no password is used.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:连接数据库的密码
DBPassword=
### Option: DBSocket
#   Path to MySQL socket.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:指定MYSQL的SOCK连接路径
DBSocket=/tmp/mysql.sock
### Option: DBPort
#   Database port when not using local socket. Ignored for SQLite.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1024-65535
# Default (for MySQL):
#说明:指定连接数据库的端口,默认3306
DBPort=3306
############ ADVANCED PARAMETERS ################
#高级参数
### Option: StartPollers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of pollers.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000
# Default:
#说明;初始化时,启动子进程数量,数量越多,则服务端吞吐能力越强,对系统资源消耗越大
StartPollers=300
### Option: StartIPMIPollers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of IPMI pollers.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000
# Default:
#
#说明:主要用于IPmi技术用于获取硬件状态场景。若无相关监控项,建议设置为0
# StartIPMIPollers=0
### Option: StartPollersUnreachable
#   Number of pre-forked instances of pollers for unreachable hosts (including IPMI and Java).
#   At least one poller for unreachable hosts must be running if regular, IPMI or Java pollers
#   are started.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000
# Default:
#说明:默认情况下,ZABBIX会启用指定进程用于探测某些不可达主机的(含IPMI场景);若使用场景中含有代理端,建议保持默认;若直接agent较多,可视具体情况调整
StartPollersUnreachable=50
### Option: StartTrappers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of trappers.
#   Trappers accept incoming connections from Zabbix sender, active agents and active proxies.
#   At least one trapper process must be running to display server availability and view queue
#   in the frontend.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000
# Default:
#说明:用于设置诸如SNMP STRAPPER场景提交来的数据的接收进程数,若客户机SNMP TRAPPER技术较多,建议加大此参数值
StartTrappers=50
### Option: StartPingers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of ICMP pingers.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000
# Default:
#说明:用于设置启用icmp协议PING主机方式启动线程数量,若单台代理所管理机器超过500台,建议加大此数值
# StartPingers=10
### Option: StartDiscoverers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of discoverers.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-250
# Default:
#说明:用于设置自动发现主机的线程数量,若单台代理所管理机器超过500台,可以考虑加大此数值(仅适用于直接AGENT场景)
StartDiscoverers=15
### Option: StartHTTPPollers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of HTTP pollers.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000
# Default:
#说明:用于设置WEB拨测监控线程数,可视具体情况增加或减少此数值。
# StartHTTPPollers=1
### Option: StartTimers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of timers.
#   Timers process time-based trigger functions and maintenance periods.
#   Only the first timer process handles the maintenance periods.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-1000
# Default:
#说明:各实例计时器数量,主要用于触发器,标有维护标识的主机,但只第一个计时器用于计算维护标识主机。
# StartTimers=1
### Option: StartEscalators
#   Number of pre-forked instances of escalators.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-100
# Default:
#说明:用于处理动作中的步骤的进程,zabbix动作较多时建议调大。
StartEscalators=30
### Option: JavaGateway
#   IP address (or hostname) of Zabbix Java gateway.
#   Only required if Java pollers are started.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:JAVAGATEWAY 场景下使用
JavaGateway=10.238.0.180
### Option: JavaGatewayPort
#   Port that Zabbix Java gateway listens on.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1024-32767
# Default:
#说明:JAVAGATEWAY 场景下使用
JavaGatewayPort=10052
### Option: StartJavaPollers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of Java pollers.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000
# Default:
#说明:JAVAGATEWAY 场景下使用
StartJavaPollers=30
### Option: StartVMwareCollectors
#   Number of pre-forked vmware collector instances.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-250
# Default:
#说明:用于设置监控VMWARE Esxi主机实例时使用,若为0则不启用,若要监控ESXI主机,此值最少为1 ;视监控ESXI数量设置对应数值
# StartVMwareCollectors=0
### Option: VMwareFrequency
#   How often Zabbix will connect to VMware service to obtain a new data.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 10-86400
# Default:
#说明:代理端访问 VMWARE service的频率,单位:秒
# VMwareFrequency=60
### Option: VMwarePerfFrequency
#   How often Zabbix will connect to VMware service to obtain performance data.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 10-86400
# Default:
# VMwarePerfFrequency=60
### Option: VMwareCacheSize
#   Size of VMware cache, in bytes.
#   Shared memory size for storing VMware data.
#   Only used if VMware collectors are started.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 256K-2G
# Default:
#说明:划出多少共享内存用于存储VMWARE数据
VMwareCacheSize=256M
### Option: VMwareTimeout
#   Specifies how many seconds vmware collector waits for response from VMware service.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-300
# Default:
#说明:等待VMWare返回数据的最长时间
VMwareTimeout=10
### Option: SNMPTrapperFile
#   Temporary file used for passing data from SNMP trap daemon to the server.
#   Must be the same as in zabbix_trap_receiver.pl or SNMPTT configuration file.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:指定SNMP TRAPPER 时的临时文件,用于代理端启用SNMP TRAPPER功能时使用
# SNMPTrapperFile=/tmp/zabbix_traps.tmp
### Option: StartSNMPTrapper
#   If 1, SNMP trapper process is started.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1
# Default:
#说明:是否启用 snmptrapper功能 ,默认不启用=0,启用=1(配合参数SNMPTrapperFile使用)
# StartSNMPTrapper=0
### Option: ListenIP
#   List of comma delimited IP addresses that the trapper should listen on.
#   Trapper will listen on all network interfaces if this parameter is missing.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:启用SNMPTRAPPER里 ,接收端监听的IP,此参数与StartSNMPTrapper,SNMPTrapperFile 联合使用
# ListenIP=0.0.0.0
ListenIP=10.238.0.180
### Option: HousekeepingFrequency
#   How often Zabbix will perform housekeeping procedure (in hours).
#   Housekeeping is removing outdated information from the database.
#   To prevent Housekeeper from being overloaded, no more than 4 times HousekeepingFrequency
#   hours of outdated information are deleted in one housekeeping cycle, for each item.
#   To lower load on server startup housekeeping is postponed for 30 minutes after server start.
#   With HousekeepingFrequency=0 the housekeeper can be only executed using the runtime control option.
#   In this case the period of outdated information deleted in one housekeeping cycle is 4 times the
#   period since the last housekeeping cycle, but not less than 4 hours and not greater than 4 days.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-24
# Default:
#说明:多少小时清理一次代理端数据库的 history, alert, and alarms,以保持代理端数据库轻便,建议保持默认
HousekeepingFrequency=24
### Option: MaxHousekeeperDelete
#   The table "housekeeper" contains "tasks" for housekeeping procedure in the format:
#   [housekeeperid], [tablename], [field], [value].
#   No more than 'MaxHousekeeperDelete' rows (corresponding to [tablename], [field], [value])
#   will be deleted per one task in one housekeeping cycle.
#   SQLite3 does not use this parameter, deletes all corresponding rows without a limit.
#   If set to 0 then no limit is used at all. In this case you must know what you are doing!
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-1000000
# Default:
#说明:每个HouseKeeper任务删除的最大记录数,1.8.2开始支持
MaxHousekeeperDelete=1000000
### Option: SenderFrequency
#   How often Zabbix will try to send unsent alerts (in seconds).
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 5-3600
# Default:
#说明:多少秒后重试发送失败的报警信息
SenderFrequency=30
### Option: CacheSize
#   Size of configuration cache, in bytes.
#   Shared memory size for storing host, item and trigger data.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 128K-8G
# Default:
#说明;zabbix初始化时占用多少系统共享内存用于存储配置信息,HOST,ITEM,TRIGGER数据,视监控主机数量和监控项调整,建议调整到32M或者更大
CacheSize=8G
### Option: CacheUpdateFrequency
#   How often Zabbix will perform update of configuration cache, in seconds.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
#说明:zabbix更新操作系统CACHE频率,若管理页面操作不频繁,可以考虑加大参数值
CacheUpdateFrequency=300
### Option: StartDBSyncers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of DB Syncers.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-100
# Default:
#说明:将采集数据从CACHE同步到数据库线程数量,视数据库服务器I/O繁忙情况,和数据库写能力调整。数值越大,写能力越强。对数据库服务器I/O压力越大。
StartDBSyncers=20
### Option: HistoryCacheSize
#   Size of history cache, in bytes.
#   Shared memory size for storing history data.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 128K-2G
# Default:
#说明:用于设置划分多少系统共享内存用于存储采集的历史数据,此数值越大,数据库读压力越小
HistoryCacheSize=2048M
### Option: HistoryIndexCacheSize
#   Size of history index cache, in bytes.
#   Shared memory size for indexing history cache.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 128K-2G
# Default:
#说明:3.0.0开始支持,历史索引大小,一个监控项需要100bytes来存储
HistoryIndexCacheSize=2048M
### Option: TrendCacheSize
#   Size of trend cache, in bytes.
#   Shared memory size for storing trends data.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 128K-2G
# Default:
#说明:用于设置划分多少系统共享内存用于存储计算出来的趋势数据,此参数值从一定程度上可影响数据库读压力
TrendCacheSize=512M
### Option: ValueCacheSize
#   Size of history value cache, in bytes.
#   Shared memory size for caching item history data requests.
#   Setting to 0 disables value cache.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0,128K-64G
# Default:
#说明:划出系统多少共享内存用于已请求的存储监控项信息,若监控项较多,建议加大此数值
ValueCacheSize=16G
### Option: Timeout
#   Specifies how long we wait for agent, SNMP device or external check (in seconds).
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-30
# Default:
# Timeout=3
#说明:与AGNET\SNMP设备和其它外部设备通信超时设置,单位为秒;若采集数据不完整或网络繁忙,或从管理页面发现客户端状态变化频繁,可以考虑加大此数值。注意若此数值加大,应该考虑参数 StartPollers 是否有相应加大的必要。
Timeout=10
### Option: TrapperTimeout
#   Specifies how many seconds trapper may spend processing new data.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-300
# Default:
#说明:启用 trapper功能,用于进程等待超时设置。根据需要调整
TrapperTimeout=50
### Option: UnreachablePeriod
#   After how many seconds of unreachability treat a host as unavailable.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
#说明:当AGNET端处于不可用状态下,间隔多少秒后,尝试重新连接。建议根据具体情况设置。注意,若此数值过小,右agent端业务系统繁忙时,有可能造成报警信息误报
# UnreachablePeriod=45
### Option: UnavailableDelay
#   How often host is checked for availability during the unavailability period, in seconds.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
#说明:当AGENT端处于可用状态下,间隔多少秒后,进行状态检查。若出现可正常采集数据,但管理页面AGENT状态不正常;若在网络,端口等均通畅情况下,AGENT状态仍不正常,可以考虑加大此数值
# UnavailableDelay=60
### Option: UnreachableDelay
#   How often host is checked for availability during the unreachability period, in seconds.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
#说明:当agent端处于不可达状态下,延迟多少秒后,进行重新尝试,建议保持默认,在AGENT接入调试阶段,可考虑减少此数值
# UnreachableDelay=15
### Option: AlertScriptsPath
#   Full path to location of custom alert scripts.
#   Default depends on compilation options.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:监控报警脚本路径,非研发人员不建议修改此参数值
# AlertScriptsPath=${datadir}/zabbix/alertscripts
AlertScriptsPath=/home/zabbix/bin
### Option: ExternalScripts
#   Full path to location of external scripts.
#   Default depends on compilation options.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:自定义脚本存储路径,非研发人员不建议修改此参数值
# ExternalScripts=${datadir}/zabbix/externalscripts
### Option: FpingLocation
#   Location of fping.
#   Make sure that fping binary has root ownership and SUID flag set.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:IPv4 FPING命令路径,仅ROOT可用。注意使用此命令时,应该确认此命令是否存在
FpingLocation=/usr/sbin/fping
### Option: Fping6Location
#   Location of fping6.
#   Make sure that fping6 binary has root ownership and SUID flag set.
#   Make empty if your fping utility is capable to process IPv6 addresses.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:IPv6 FPING命令路径,仅ROOT可用。注意使用此命令时,应该确认此命令是否存在
# Fping6Location=/usr/sbin/fping6
### Option: SSHKeyLocation
#   Location of public and private keys for SSH checks and actions.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:在服务端需要SSH到AGENT端且采用用KEY验证方式时使用。非研发人员,不建议修改或设置
# SSHKeyLocation=
### Option: LogSlowQueries
#   How long a database query may take before being logged (in milliseconds).
#   Only works if DebugLevel set to 3, 4 or 5.
#   0 - don't log slow queries.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600000
# Default:
#说明:用于服务端数据库慢查询功能,单位是毫秒;1毫秒=0.001秒,若有服务端数据库监控慢查询的需求,可以视具体情况调整此数。
# LogSlowQueries=0
LogSlowQueries=3000
### Option: TmpDir
#   Temporary directory.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:zabbix服务端工作的临时目录
# TmpDir=/tmp
### Option: StartProxyPollers
#   Number of pre-forked instances of pollers for passive proxies.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 0-250
# Default:
#说明:启用多少子进程与代理端通信,若代理端较多可考虑加大此数值
# StartProxyPollers=1
### Option: ProxyConfigFrequency
#   How often Zabbix Server sends configuration data to a Zabbix Proxy in seconds.
#   This parameter is used only for proxies in the passive mode.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600*24*7
# Default:
#说明:zabbix服务端将配置文件数据同步到代理端的频率,仅适用于代理端为被动模式情况下
# ProxyConfigFrequency=3600
### Option: ProxyDataFrequency
#   How often Zabbix Server requests history data from a Zabbix Proxy in seconds.
#   This parameter is used only for proxies in the passive mode.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Range: 1-3600
# Default:
#说明:zabbix服务端请求代理端采集的数据的频率,仅适用代理端为被动模式情况下
# ProxyDataFrequency=1
### Option: AllowRoot
#   Allow the server to run as 'root'. If disabled and the server is started by 'root', the server
#   will try to switch to the user specified by the User configuration option instead.
#   Has no effect if started under a regular user.
#   0 - do not allow 不允许
#   1 - allow 允许
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:是否允许以root身份运行服务端
AllowRoot=1
### Option: User
#   Drop privileges to a specific, existing user on the system.
#   Only has effect if run as 'root' and AllowRoot is disabled.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:非root运行的账号
# User=zabbix
### Option: Include
#   You may include individual files or all files in a directory in the configuration file.
#   Installing Zabbix will create include directory in /usr/local/etc, unless modified during the compile time.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:在一些情况下,软件的参数配置文件很长,为了方便管理,将配置文件切割成N个配置文件,但为了主配置参数文件的简洁,便会启用INCLUDE参数,以方便程序读取指定目录下的所有配置文件
# Include=
# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_server.general.conf
# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_server.conf.d/
# Include=/usr/local/etc/zabbix_server.conf.d/*.conf
### Option: SSLCertLocation
#   Location of SSL client certificates.
#   This parameter is used only in web monitoring.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:SSL客户端认证文件,2.4开始支持
# SSLCertLocation=${datadir}/zabbix/ssl/certs
### Option: SSLKeyLocation
#   Location of private keys for SSL client certificates.
#   This parameter is used only in web monitoring.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:SSL私钥文件目录,2.4开始支持
# SSLKeyLocation=${datadir}/zabbix/ssl/keys
### Option: SSLCALocation
#   Override the location of certificate authority (CA) files for SSL server certificate verification.
#   If not set, system-wide directory will be used.
#   This parameter is used only in web monitoring and SMTP authentication.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:SSL CA钥文件目录,2.4开始支持
# SSLCALocation=
####### LOADABLE MODULES #######
#可加载的模块
### Option: LoadModulePath
#   Full path to location of server modules.
#   Default depends on compilation options.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#指定本地模块路径,非研发人员不建议修改
# LoadModulePath=${libdir}/modules
### Option: LoadModule
#   Module to load at server startup. Modules are used to extend functionality of the server.
#   Format: LoadModule=<module.so>
#   The modules must be located in directory specified by LoadModulePath.
#   It is allowed to include multiple LoadModule parameters.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#指定本地模块路径,非研发人员不建议修改
# LoadModule=
####### TLS-RELATED PARAMETERS #######
#TLS 相关参数
### Option: TLSCAFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing the top-level CA(s) certificates for
#   peer certificate verification.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:TLS证书文件
# TLSCAFile=
### Option: TLSCRLFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing revoked certificates.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:TLS证书文件
# TLSCRLFile=
### Option: TLSCertFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing the server certificate or certificate chain.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:TLS证书文件
# TLSCertFile=
### Option: TLSKeyFile
#   Full pathname of a file containing the server private key.
#
# Mandatory: no
# Default:
#说明:TLS证书文件
# TLSKeyFile=
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